March 8 is International Women’s Day. Beginning in 1909, it was proposed by Alexandra Colontay and Clara Chetkin as a global celebration in 1910 and was officially designated as World Women’s Day by the United Nations every year since 1975.
The origin of World Women’s Day began 109 years ago on March 8, 1908, when 15,000 female textile workers from the United States gathered at Rutgers Square in New York to protest demanding better working conditions and women’s suffrage. Women marched down the street and shouted, “We want bread, but rose, too!” where bread means the right to survive hunger, and roses mean half suffrage and human rights granted only to men. It is the day when female workers woke up with long hours of labor (12-18 hours), dusty workplaces, poor wages, sexual harassment, and unfair treatment.
The first National Women’s Day was declared in the United States on February 28, 1909, and inspired by this, in Europe, Clara Jetkin, a German feminist and socialist, proposed the Women’s Day to promote women’s rights at the International Women’s Workers’ Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, in August 1910. As a result, on March 19, 1911, Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland held the first “World Women’s Day” event, calling for the right to work, suffrage, and abolition of discrimination.
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